Hurricanes – Coming in Full Force
Hurricanes—also referred to as cyclones and typhoons in the northern Indian Ocean and western Pacific Ocean, respectively—are capable of causing major property damage. They can reach speeds of over 160 miles per hour, unloading over 2.4 trillion gallons of water as rain in one day.
Hurricanes generate enormous amounts of energy by drawing heat from the warm, moist ocean air. When storms sustain winds speeds reach 74 miles per hour, the storm is then considered a hurricane. From that point, it is then designated to a certain category (1-5) based on the Saffir-Simpson scale.
Category 1: Sustained Winds of 74-95 mph
Category 2: Sustained Winds of 96-110 mph
Category 3: Sustained Winds of 111-129 mph
Category 4: Sustained Winds of 130-156 mph
Category 5: Sustained Winds of 157 mph or higher
Hurricanes tend to create an area of calm, called the “eye” of the storm. However, the circular “eye wall” that surrounds the “eye” is known for hosting the storm’s most severe winds and rain.
Hurricane winds are highly destructive, and they can spawn tornadoes as they make landfall. The superabundant rainfall can go so far as to cause further damage even miles inland, as it may often cause flooding and landslides.
Hurricane season in the Atlantic Ocean begins on June 1st and ends on November 30th. The Eastern Pacific hurricane season begins on May 15th and ends on November 30th, as well. We tend to see the peaks of hurricane season from mid-August to late October, averaging approximately five to six hurricanes per year.